Original Article

Statistical Techniques and Misuse of Statistical Methods in The Ewha Medical Journal: From 1978 to 1995

Eun Hee Ha, Kyu Ryong Choi*
Author Information & Copyright
Department of Preventive Medicine, Ewha Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, Ewha University, Korea.
*Department of Ophthalmology, Ewha Medical Research Center, College of Medicine, Ewha University, Korea.

Copyright ⓒ 1995. Ewha Womans University School of Medicine. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published Online: Jul 24, 2015


Over the past 17 years, the number of medical research papers in the Ewha Medical Journalhas increased. And the use of statistics to evaluate experimental and clinical research data has increased. We observed statistical methods used in 730 articles from the Ewha Medical Journalfor a 17 year period(from 1978 to 1995). The most commonly used method was measurementof central tendency with t-test, χ2-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and regression analysis(74.8%). The second most common method was χ2-test with t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation(9.2%), fo11owed by epidemiological statistics(7.6%).

The observed errors of statistical method in 314 original aricles were 585 spells(repeat No./paper).

The most common error was that of no significant value and confidence interval(18.4%), followed by misuse of SE instead of SD(15.5%).

Misuses of applicating statistical method included the use of the t-test instead of ANOVA incomparing three groups(0.2%) and the use of the student t-test instead of paired t-test and vice versa.

Keywords: Statistics; Statistical method; Misuse